Introduction. Thanks to rapid development of Internet in recent years, digital technologies have stepped forward by leaps and bounds, and various “modernizations” have appeared. For example, integration of "two upgrades" proposed by state. And digital transformation has been mostly driven by enterprises over past ten years. Among concepts of digital transformation, most common are informatization, cloudiness and digitalization. Let's talk about what informatization, cloudiness and digitalization are today. And let's talk about various drivers and model changes behind it.1. Let's start with word "hua"
化" is knowledge of word. In oracle bone inscriptions, a person is shown on left, facing left, and on right, a person with his head down and feet upside down, which reverses meaning of change.
Naturation is an act of restructuring. In order to adapt to a certain environment and achieve a certain goal, he reorganizes himself from inside out.
In modern Chinese, meanings of words "change" and "change" are heavily confused. If we think carefully, we may still find that its original meaning remains.
For example, demonization, a person is still same person, and skills are all those skills that have been strengthened, but still improved based on original skills. The thought remains same thought. This is Hua.
If a company used to produce cement, and now it is an Internet company and an online HR system, does this count as a digital transformation?
You can think about it.2. Informatization, cloudiness and digitalization
Now that we understand Hua, we can probably just understand three concepts of Hua.
The so-called informatization is realization and reorganization of information for a specific purpose, but an enterprise is still same enterprise, and a business is still same business.
Cloudiness and digitalization have same meaning. Is it too easy to explain in this way?
What are these three "transformations" focused on?
Let's take Sany Heavy Industry as an example. Sany Heavy Industry is a leading company in domestic heavy industry. What does she mainly do?
It's very easy to say:
Receive orders from customers, arrange factory production and deliver to Party A after production.
In this process, a lot of information will be created and stored in form of paper and electronic documents.
Note. There is a very important concept here. Information is stored in form of paper and electronic documents.
Currently, there are three main types of media for storing information: human brain, paper and electronic documents.
Reproducible, inexpensive, convenient, roomy, safe and fast media will become widespread.
This is an electronic document.
Okay, first combination is formed.
Electronic documents and document management tools for creating, viewing, reading, modifying, etc. become simplest combination of information.
Like a lock and a key. They always come in pairs.
First basic combination: electronic documents and documentation tools.
This forms first, called informatization.
There are many official explanations of informatization, here is 1997 definition:
The First National Working Conference on Informatization, held in 1997, defined informatization and national informatization as follows: “Informatization refers to history of growing and developing new productive forces represented by intelligent tools and turning them into a social process.
It's more abstract.
In a broad sense, it can be as big as you can imagine.
Here we only explain meaning of content contained in current informatization work.
Based on what we said above, what should we do when first information combination is formed?
Still taking Sany Heavy Industry as an example, Sany Heavy Industry wants to fully preserve information. First of all, it is necessary to develop standard forms and documents for all links with information in process by managing and adjusting processes, as well as to form standard electronic forms and electronic documents.
This was done by electronic work based on informatization.
But it is not enough to store information in form of electronic documents, we also need to form a system in a computer. This system is a mapping of relevant departments of a real company, such as purchasing department, finance department, design department, etc.
The simplest form is step-by-step, department has a virtual corresponding department on computer. Moreover, in each department there will be someone who will guard receipt and sending of electronic documents, storage and management of electronic documents.
The virtual structure in a computer is called an "information factory".
It turns out that relevant departments must collect information data and conduct general analysis and planning, which can be done in this information factory.
If digitization of information is sufficiently rigorous, it can be guaranteed that up-to-date and actionable information can be filled in "information factory" completely and accurately in real time.
Similarly, information factory will also handle information transfer, plan execution, tracking, and issuing instructions.
This is what is now considered to be informatization.
So he plays at first level of combination of information.
The main matching system is ERP and original system is mes, crm, etc.
Moreover, with advent of Internet, complexity of supply chains, complexity of customer relationships, and need for greater information sharing have led to emergence of a second information complex.
Second basic combination: information exchange and Internet.
This causes spgrew up on Internet or cloud technologies.
2. Cloud (Internetization)
Some information is stored only on Internet, for example, on your network drive, even if you use Internet, it cannot be considered as being on Internet.
Internetization starts with sharing. Exchange of information about buyer, exchange of information about seller. At same time, this sharing requires a dedicated organization to support and service changes brought about by this sharing.
So, Internetization is not just about moving things from your corporate computer to data center, but a series of measures in era of sharing economy.
Internetization is an extension of second basic combination. This is a change in way of Internet thinking, formed in course of evolution from individual informatization to group informatization.
Main characteristics of Internetization
(1) The Internet itself is a sales channel. But internet has different rules. Therefore, adaptation to rules of Internet is an important task of Internetization.
(2) Based on data. Due to exchange, influence of enterprises on Internet will become a very large leverage. To make strong stronger and weak even weaker. Thus, user portraits and corporate portraits have become an important content of image on Internet.
(3) Related technologies, business and business models will change accordingly.
Until now, this still applies to content of informatization and internetization. What is changing is change in mode and thinking caused by exchange.
With development of big data technology, development of artificial intelligence, development of robotics and automation technology, and development of Internet of Things
You can let data speak and shape decisions.
At this moment, third informational combination is formed.
Third Combination of Information: Big Data Wisdom and Smart Execution.
At this stage, information factory will become a digital factory. The difference between them is not only in name.
More importantly, information factory is a copy of electronic layer of traditional factory.
However, digital factory is a reorganization of traditional factory around a data center.
The Digital Factory is data-driven and all corporate organizations must revolve around data, from architecture to model, from decision to execution. Managers are no longer decision makers of enterprise, but data.
The digitization process essentially uses digitalization as brain for decision making for enterprise. At moment data is at top level.
As stated in "Forging Soul", software determines production.3. Resume
One sentence can explain essence of informatization, cloudiness and digitalization.
(1) Informatization is electronization of traditional factories, focused on traditional factory enterprises.
(2) Cloud building is based on embedding of traditional factories in Internet, based on Internet rules.
(3) Digitization is shift from human decision-making to data-driven decision-making, centered on data.